NORTHEAST STATE OF INDIA.

7 SEVEN SISTER OF NORTH-EAST STATE



7 SEVEN SISTER OF NORTH-EAST STATE
7 SEVEN SISTER OF NORTH-EAST STATE

Many People in mainland people in India still don't know about North-East State of  India, still there are lots  of people never heard of name like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya Nagalad etc. So lets have a look about States in North-East region, People of this region and their Lifestyle in short.
                     North East Region is comprised of 7 States, this 7 states is known as the 7 Sisters of Noth-East. Each states having different Ethic Composition and having different different Tradition and Culture but food habits is almost same in this region their main staple food is rice. Each states has their own languages, official language is English.

This States are under the Under the Umbrella of North East Council (NEC) which was formally inaugurated on 7th November 1972 by Smti. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India during that time. The region is situated between 22˚N to 29˚N Latitude and 89˚.46ʻE to 97˚30ʻE Longitude. The total Geographical area stretches aout 22,55,168 sq.kms with the 384.9 lakh (2011 Census). Sikkim states is also included under the NEC but when we talk about 7 sisters of north east Sikkim is excluded, Sikkim is 8th eight states. The NEC is nodal agency for uniform Social and Economic development of this regions under the Union Minister of DoNER (Development of orth East Region).






Following are the List of 7 Sisters Of India.


1.Arunachal Pradesh:


      Arunachal Pradesh  is located in the topmost part of this regions and closet to the China Border, total area of this region is 83,743 Sq.Km having the population of 13,83,727 (M-71312, F-66,981) Capital of Arunachal is Itanagar, there are 22 District is 24th State of India. Legislative Unicameral (60 MLAs) Statehood day 20th February 1987. Inhabitants are Nyishi, Tagin, Apatani, Adi, Galo, Mompa, Nocte, Mishmi Wancho, Tagsas etc. Festivals Nyokum, Dree, Mopin, Solung, Reh, Loser etc. Unversity Rajiv Gandhi University, Indira Gandhi Technical and Medical Science at Ziro. Oldest Monastery of Asia in Tawang .



2. Asom/Assam :


       Assam is the largest state of all North East regions. Having  total area of &8,5438 Sq.Kms. and having the Population of 31205576 (M-15939443, F-15939443) Population Census 2011, Literacy rate-72.19%, Sex ratio-958 per 1000 male, Density-397%, Capital-Dispur. District-35, Legislative-Unicameral (126 MLA). Inhaitants are Assamese,Bengoli,Mishing, Bodo, Karbi Dimasa etc. Assam  is the 12th States of India was created o 1912 ad later on 26th January 1950. Main Festivals are Bihu, Durga puja and other Local festivals.University-Guwahati university, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, Assam University, Assam Women Uiversity,IIT Guwahati etc. Cotton college was established on 11.09.1901 at Guwahati and  later upgraded to Cotton College University in 2011. State animals Rhino, Flower-Foxtail Orchid, Tree-Hollong, Bird-White winged wood Duck. Majuli Island  is India’s first Island district became the 35th district of State on 8th September 2016.

3.Manipur :

           Manipur has total area of 22,327 Sq.Kms. and having population of 2570390 (M-1491832, F-1475057) 2011 Census. Capita l- Imphal, Distric t- 9, Legislative - Unicameral (60MLA). Statehood-Manipur became the 20th State of India on 21st January 1972. Inhabitants are Manipuri, Tangkhul Naga, Kuki aga etc. Festivals – Gam, Ngai, Yaosang, Ratha Yatra, Jhulong, Kwak Yatra etc. University  Manipur University, Sex ratio – 978 per 1000  M Cesus 2011.

4.Mizoram :

      Mizoram has total area of  21,429 Sq.Kms. and population of 1,091,014 Census 2011  (M-55,5339, F-541,867) . Literacy rate – 91.58%  Sex ratio – 976 per 1000 male,  Capital – Aizwal, District – 9, Legislature – Unicameral (40 MLA). Mizoram  became the 23rd State of India on 20th Feruary 1987. State aimals – Serow (Saza), Birds - Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Vavu), Tree – India Rose Chesut or Cobra’s Saffro. Flower – Red Vada (Senhri). Festivals are Chapchar Kut, Thalfavang Kut, Mim Kut Pawl Kut, etc.

5. Meghalaya


           The Meghalaya state is the wettest region of India, recording an average of 12,000 mm (470 in) of rain a year. About 70% of the state is forested.Meghalaya has total area of 22,429 Sq.Kms. and having population of 29,66,889 ( Male: 1491382, F: 14,75,832) Cesus 2011 Sex ratio-989 per 1000 male. Capital : Shillong, District: 11, Legislature- Unicameral (60 MLA). Meghlaya became the 21st State of India on 21st January 1972. Inhabitants: Khasi, Jayantia, Garo. Main Festivals are Nongkrem, Behdein Khalam, Wangla, Christmass etc. Cherrapujji one of the most popular tourist attractions in Norteast,and is located in Meghalaya and holds the world record for most rain in a calendar month.




6.Nagaland.

         Nagaland becomes the 16th State of India on 1st December 1963, Capital: Kohima. Nagand has  total area of 16,579 Sq.Kms. Population 1978502 (Male: 10,25,649, Female: 95,3853) Cesus 2011.Sex ratio 931 per 1000 male. Inhabitants: Naga, Ao, Sema, Angami, kuki etc. Festival: Sekrenyie,  Phusanyi, Naknyukum, Trungren Mong, Christmass etc. Nagaland is a mountainous state in northeast India, bordering Myanmar. It's home to diverse indigenous tribes, with festivals and markets celebrating the different tribes' culture. Its capital city of Kohima suffered heavy fighting in World War II, commemorated by memorials at the Kohima War Cemetery. The Nagaland State Museum exhibits ancient weaponry, a ceremonial drum and other traditional Naga cultural artifacts.

7.Tripura.
       Tripura has total area of 10,492 Sq.Kms. and has population of 3,671,032 residents, constituting 0.3% of the country's population. Capital: Agartala, District: 8, Legislature- Unicameral (60 MLA). Tripura became the 22nd State of India on 21st January 1972. Local Inhaitants are Bengoli and Manipri etc. Festivals -  Durga Puja and other local festivals.  Tripura is the most literate state in India with a literacy of 94.65%. Mainstream Indian cultural elements coexist with traditional practices of the ethnic groups, such as various dances to celebrate religious occasions, weddings and festivities; the use of locally crafted musical instruments and clothes; and the worship of regional deities. The sculptures at the archaeological sites Unakoti Pilak and Devtamura provide historical evidence of artistic fusion between organised and tribal religions. The Great Chinmoy in Agartala was the former royal abode of the Tripuri king.


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